Page no: I51
The property is jointly owned by husband and wife.
2 Exchange rate used: 1.00 EUR = 1.00 EUR
3 A standard deduction of 40% is allowed to account for income-generating expenses.
Taxpayers may choose itemized deductions instead of availing the standard deduction, but the expenses must be supported by valid invoices.
4A deduction of 10% is allowed for depreciation expense.
5 Rental income earned by nonresident individuals are taxed at progressive rates.
A 24% VAT applies on the sale of new buildings in Greece by persons subject to VAT. The taxable value is the price that the taxable person received or is deemed to receive or is anticipated to receive, increased by any additional provision connected with the abovementioned transaction. Certain minimum values may apply depending on the case.In particular, a supply of real estate subject to VAT is considered to be the transfer for consideration of ownership or rights in rem of buildings or part of buildings and the land on which they stand, before their first occupation. The above transaction is taxable only when the following conditions are fulfilled:•The person who transfers is a taxable person, or anyone who carries out, on an occasional basis, the aforementioned transaction on condition that he opts for the standard VAT regime;•The construction licence is issued after January 1, 2006The tax li
Any transfer of real estate which is not subject to VAT is subject to Real Estate Transfer Tax. The real Estate Transfer Tax rate applicable is 3% on the higher between market and objective value of real estate property. The “objective value” is a tax value per property calculated based on a number of pre-determined criteria.Such cost is further increased by fees such as municipal tax (3% of the amount of Real Estate Transfer Tax), notarial, land registration, legal which may still account for a percentage (between approx. 1-2%) of the transaction value. However, for large investment properties, it is not uncommon that transfers are carried out by way
|Property Tax (ENFIA)
Annual Property Tax (ENFIA)
progressive tax scale
|Rental income earned by individuals and companies is subject to Greek income tax.
For individuals, the tax is computed according to a progressive tax scale which reaches up to 45%.
|In addition to the income tax due, rental income is also subject to a solidarity contribution which is computed according to a progressive tax scale up to 10%. The solidarity contribution is imposed on the total of the income realised by the individual.
|Rental income via a company
|Rental income is part of the normally taxable income of any corporation. Corporate tax rate is currently 29%, while a 15% dividend WHT applies; foreign investors owning Greek companies through an EU-based company may benefit from the Parent – Subsidiary Directive exemption in which case no dividend WHT would apply.
Greek companies are allowed to perform tax deductible depreciation on the buildings’ (but not land) acquisition cost. The rate is currently set (for properties acquired after 1.1.2013) to 4% for buildings in general. Moreover, interest that finances real estate acquisition is in general deductible; however, Greek thin-capitalisation rules restrict interest deductions exceeding 30% of a company’s tax adjusted EBITDA. However, no such restriction applies if the total annual net interest expense of the subject company is below EUR 3m.
Thus, leveraging a Greek real estate company may typically significantly reduce local income tax exposure.
Normally is imposed only on cases of inadequate disclosure of ultimate individual owners of the real estate property